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When Your Gums Feel Soft or Spongy, What’s Going On?

February 9, 2024

Filed under: Uncategorized — Dr. David Banda @ 1:28 pm
Dentist teaching patient how to brush to avoid gum disease

When you look in the mirror, do you see red? Do your gums feel soft and spongy when you touch them? This is the experience of millions of people every year who suffer from some form of gum disease or deficiency. There are treatments available for periodontal disease, but how do you know if that’s what you have?

If you want to know why your gums may feel like a sponge, continue reading. You’ll find various ways gum disease or other gingival conditions could affect you.

Why Are My Gums Soft and Spongey?

The normally pink tissues surrounding your teeth are called gingiva. When they turn red and soft, it could be for one of several reasons:

Gum Disease

Soft or spongy gums are often a sign of gum disease, which occurs when plaque buildup leads to inflammation of the gums. Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease, characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. If left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis, where the gums pull away from the teeth, forming pockets that become infected.

Poor Oral Hygiene

Inadequate brushing and flossing can allow plaque to accumulate along the gumline, leading to soft or spongy gums. Plaque is full of bacteria that produce acids, irritating the gums and causing inflammation.

Nutritional Deficiencies

A lack of essential vitamins and minerals, particularly vitamin C, can weaken the gums and lead to a condition called scurvy. This condition makes your gums more prone to infection and can soften them to a sponge-like state.

Smoking or Tobacco Use

Tobacco use can compromise gum health by reducing blood flow to the gums and weakening the body’s immune response. This increases the risk of gum disease and other issues like oral cancer.

What Can I Do to Treat or Prevent Gum Disease?

If you notice your gums feel soft or spongy, you need to address the underlying cause and prevent further complications. Here’s what you can do:

  • Improve Oral Hygiene: Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and floss daily to remove plaque and prevent gum disease. Be sure you’re brushing gently!
  • Visit Your Dentist: Schedule regular dental checkups and cleanings to check your gum health and address any issues early on.
  • Quit Smoking: If you smoke or use tobacco products, quitting can significantly improve your gum health and overall wellness.
  • Eat a Balanced Diet: Ensure you’re getting enough vitamins and minerals, especially vitamin C. A balanced diet rich in citrus fruits and leafy greens is the best way to accomplish that.
  • Manage Stress: Stress can weaken the immune system and contribute to gum inflammation. Practice stress-reduction techniques such as meditation, deep breathing, or yoga.

If your gums continue to feel soft despite your efforts, it’s time to talk to your dentist. They can figure out the underlying cause of your gum condition and recommend treatment to restore your gum health. Taking proactive steps to address soft or spongy gums can help prevent more serious oral health issues down the line. Don’t delay, find treatment today!

About the Practice

When you need dental experts to help you with your oral health the team at Cranbrook Dental Care is prepared with the latest dental technology. If you need treatment for your gums, they have the experience to treat it with scaling, root planing, or oral medication. Call (248) 647-5434 to schedule a periodontal disease consultation, or visit the website to explore other services they offer.

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